Hootsuite is no stranger to tearing down monoliths. In fact, over the past year we’ve built fifteen microservices to go along with the deconstruction of our monolith. The extraction of each microservice came with its own complications, but they have all generally followed one development blueprint.

A monolith is the result of legacy code becoming fossilized after years of coding with ongoing contributions from multiple people. This makes the code incredibly hard to refactor as it is always in use, and always depended on. In this case, microservices are used as a tool to tear apart the monolith to address the problem of unreliability. However, a microservice in general is not limited in its purpose or functionality.

Hootsuite's Microservices

Hootsuite’s Microservices

Scoping & Prioritization

The first major decision when tearing down your monolith is which part to break off first. Do you want to slice it horizontally or vertically, julienne it or dice it? At Hootsuite, before writing any code, all business objects and use cases were outlined to determine what might make a good microservice. Models that frequently interact with each other were carefully grouped so that a tangled web of distributed services would not be created.


It is clear that business objects like a Team and a Member of a Team should be migrated together. However, if each Team must belong to a single Organization, then it would make sense to also pull out the Organization object instead of leaving it inside the monolith. Read More …